• 0568 Atlantis fritillary, Atlantis parelmoervlinder - kopie.jpg
  • 0789 De renbaan - kopie.jpg
  • 0797 Kleurrijke klederdrachten - kopie.jpg
  • 0843 Bhoedistisch Songzanlin klooster Zhongdian - kopie.jpg
  • 0868 De woningen van de monniken - kopie.jpg
  • 1053 Bezoek aan de Chinese muur.jpg
  • 1086 Forbidden City - kopie.jpg
  • DSC00513 Xueshanliang, 3950m (Huanglong) - kopie.JPG
  • DSC00662 - kopie.JPG
  • DSC00730 Huanglong Tufa Pools - kopie.JPG
  • DSC00750 Huanglong Tufa Pools - kopie.JPG
  • DSC00761 Ons verblijf voor 2 nachten op ruim 3.000 m - kopie (2).JPG
  • DSC01280 Reuzen panda - kopie.JPG
  • DSC01359 Landschap rondom container c.q. yurtkamp - kopie.JPG
  • DSC01578 Balang Shan, 4300m - kopie.JPG
  • DSC01583 Siguniang Shan (Four Girls Mountain) 6250m - kopie.JPG
  • DSC01757 Tibetaanse huizen in Rilong - kopie.JPG
  • DSC02021 Kudde koeien - kopie.JPG
  • DSC02196 - kopie.JPG
  • DSC02375g Li River Cruise from Guilin to Yangshuo - kopie.JPG
  • DSC02380e Li River Cruise from Guilin to Yangshuo - kopie.JPG
  • DSC02380ze Li River Cruise from Guilin to Yangshuo - kopie.JPG
  • dsc04805 Typische woningen in lesotho - kopie.JPG
  • dsc04962 Herdershutjes met typische omheining voor het vee - kopie.JPG
  • DSC05072 Kniphofia caulescens - kopie.JPG
  • DSC05253 Kniphofia caulescens - kopie.JPG
  • dsc05577 En overal vergezelt ons het water - kopie.JPG
  • dsc05663 Zomerhutjes voor herders en hun gezinnen - kopie.JPG
  • DSC08432 Tien Shan gebergte - kopie.JPG

Engler, Adolf

Adolf Engler CustomHeinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (March 25, 1844 – October 10, 1930) was a German botanist. He is notable for his work on plant taxonomy and phytogeography, such as Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien (The Natural Plant Families), edited with Karl A. E. von Prantl.
Even now, his system of plant classification, the Engler system, is still used by many herbaria and is followed by writers of many manuals and floras. It is still the only system that treats all 'plants' (in the wider sense, algae to flowering plants) in such depth.
Engler published a prodigious number of taxonomic works. He used various artists to illustrate his books, notably Joseph Pohl (1864–1939), an illustrator who had served an apprenticeship as a wood-engraver. Pohl's skill drew Engler's attention, starting a collaboration of some 40 years. Pohl produced more than 33 000 drawings in 6 000 plates for Die naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien. He also illustrated Das Pflanzenreich (1900–1953), Die Pflanzenwelt Afrikas (1908–1910), Monographien afrikanischer Pflanzenfamilien (1898–1904) and the journals Engler's botanische Jahrbücher.
He received the Linnean Medal in 1913. The International Association for Plant Taxonomy established the Engler Medal in his honour in 1986, to be awarded for outstanding contributions to plant taxonomy (see the list of Engler Medal awards).
The journal Englera (ISSN 0170-4818) published by the Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden, Germany, is also named after him. Many genera (in various 'plant' groups) are named in his honour, such as Englerastrum, Englerella, Engleria, Englerina, Englerocharis, Englerodaphne, Englerodendron and Englerophytum.

Biography

Adolf Engler was born on March 25, 1844, in Sagan, Prussia, now Żagań, in western Poland as Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler, and died in Berlin, Germany, on October 10, 1930.
He studied and obtained a PhD from the University of Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland) in 1866. After some years of teaching, he became, in 1871, custodian of botanical collections of the Botanische Institute der Ludwig Maximilian University München (Botanical Institute of Munich), remaining there until 1878, when he accepted a professorship at the University of Kiel, where he stayed until 1884, teaching systematic botany. Also in 1878, Engler was elected into Leopoldina, German Academy of Natural History. He went back to Breslau in 1884, as director of the Botanical Garden, succeeding Goeppert, and appointed professor of botany at the University of Breslau. From 1889 to 1921, Engler was a professor at University of Berlin, and director of the Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden, transforming it into one of the greatest botanical gardens of the world.
He visited several regions of the world, enlarging the knowledge of floristic distribution, especially of Africa.

Works

Plant taxonomy works

Besides his important work in general plant taxonomy, he was also an expert in some taxa, such as Saxifraga, Araceae, Burseraceae, and others.
Adolf Engler collaborated with several other great botanists, including Alphonse de Candolle on the Monographiae Phanerogamarum (Monographs of Flowering Plants), and C.F.P. von Martius on the monumental work Flora Brasiliensis (Flora of Brazil).
225px Alangium salviifolium EnglerHe founded the journal Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (Botanical Yearbook for Systematics, Plant Phylogeny and Phytogeography, ISSN 0006-8152), published in Leipzig, German plate from Das Pflanzenreichy, which has continued in publication from 1881 to the present. In 2010, this publication changed its name to Plant Diversity and Evolution: Phylogeny, Biogeography, Structure and Function, ISSN 1869-6155.

  • Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien (The Natural Plant Families), edited with Karl A. E. Prantl, with the collaboration of many notable experts, 1887–1915, 23 volumes: This enormous series is one of the very few detailed works (since Linnaeus) to attempt the classification of plants from algae to flowering plants, and constitutes an invaluable work. A second, incomplete edition is being produced (starting in 1924, latest release 1995 by Duncker und Humblot Verlag, Berlin).[1]
  • Das Pflanzenreich (The Plant Kingdom), with the collaboration of many notable experts, 1900–1968: This monographic series on the plant kingdom is presently incomplete.[1]

Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien, 12th ed., edited by H. Melchior & E. Werdermann, with the collaboration of many notable experts, 1954–1964: This is the most recent summary of the Engler system and gives descriptions of the higher taxonomic levels, in two volumes.

Phytogeographic works

He was one of the pioneers in this field of science, highlighting the importance of factors such as geology on biodiversity, and defined biogeographical regions in 1879.

  • Vegetation der Erde (Vegetation of the Earth), 1896, with O. Drude
  • Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete (The Plant World of Eastern Africa and the Adjacent Regions), 1895 (available at Botanicus.org)

The standard author abbreviation Engl. is used to indicate this individual as the author when citing a botanical name.

Dieren tijdens mijn reizen

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Aalscholver visser in Yangshuo, China, 2007
Aalscholver visser in Yangshuo, China, 2007
Aapje, China, 2007
Agame, Kazachstan, 2005
Alopochen aegyptiacus (nijlgans), Creijsport Schijndel, 2015
Alopochen aegyptiacus (nijlgans), Creijsport Schijndel, 2015
Alopochen aegyptiacus (nijlgans), Creijsport Schijndel, 2015
Amata cocandica, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Apart schapenras, Picos, 2003
Ardea purpurea of Purperreiger, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Argiopa lobata, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Argiopa lobata, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Atlantis fritillary, Atlantis parelmoervlinder, China, 2004
Bavianen op de weg, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Boerderij, China, 2004
Buteo rufofuscus (Jakhalsbuizerd), Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Calopteryx splendens, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Charolais koeien, Frankrijk, 1979
Close-up gier, Senegal, 1981
Coccinia palmata, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
De bavianen waren zeer lastig, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Een gevaarlijke zwarte schorpioen, Senegal, 1981
Een hagedis, Californië, 1996
Een hagedis, Kyrgyzstan, 2012
Een kudde koeien, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Een kudde zebu's, Senegal, 1981
Een mot, China, 2007
Een ongevaarlijke slang, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Een troep gewone herten common reedbuck, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Een van de vele mooie vlinders, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Eend en vissen in de roeivijver, Madrid, 2018
En ook hier grazen paarden, Kyrgyzstan, 2012
Eublepharis macularius, Buk, 2012
Flamingos, Frankrijk, 1979
Gekko, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Gekko, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Geronticus calvus zuidelijke kaalkop ibis, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Gier, Senegal, 1981
Groene kikker, Creysport, Schijndel, 2017
Groene kikker, Creysport, Schijndel, 2017
Groep grijze reebokken, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Gyps himalayensis, Himalaja gier, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Hagedis, Botanische tuin Utrecht, 2017
Hagedis, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Hagedis, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Hagedis, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Hagedis, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Hamerkopvogel, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Het is voorjaar, er zijn veel veulens, Kyrgyzstan, 2012
Het is voorjaar, er zijn veel veulens, Kyrgyzstan, 2012
Jaarlijkse trek van de koolwitjes, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazachstan, 2005
Jeti-Oguz Schapen waren er wel in overvloed, Kyrgyzstan, 2012
Jeti-Oguz Schapen waren er wel in overvloed, Kyrgyzstan, 2012
Jong zwart varken, China, 2004
Koeien in de wei langs de rivier, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Koeien, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Koeien onderweg van Kolda naar Ziguinchor, Senegal, 1981
Lacerta agilis, Kazachstan, 2005
Melanargia lachesis, Picos, 2003
Melanargia parce, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Melanargia parce, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Melitaea cinxia, Picos, 2003
Mestkever, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Mestkever, Kyrgyzstan, 2012
Mestkever, Kyrgyzstan, 2012
Mierenhoop, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Monticola explorator of Sentinel rotslijster, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Nectarinia famosa (Emeraldhoningzuiger), Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Nectarinia famosa (Emeraldhoningzuiger), Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Nectarinia famosa (Emeraldhoningzuiger), Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Niet giftige slang, Californië, 1996
Onbekend insect, Kazachstan, 2002
Onbekende kever, Kazachstan, 2005
Onbekende vlinder, Kazachstan, 2005
Onbekende vlinder, Kazachstan, 2005
Ooievaars, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Overal grazen koeien, Picos, 2003
Pad met groene rugstreep, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Papilio machaon, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Phrynocephalus melanurus, Kazachstan, 2005
Rana arvalis (moeraskikker), Kazachstan, 2005
Reuzen panda, China, 2007
Reuzen panda, China, 2007
Reuzen panda, China, 2007
Rode libelle, Frankrijk, 1979
Rode sprinkhaan, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Rode sprinkhaan, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Rode sprinkhaan, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Rups, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Rups, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Schildpadden, Tuin van der Sterren, 2012
Secretarisvogel, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Shinisaurus crocodilurus. krokodillenstaarthagedis, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Sprinkhaan op schouder van Vladimir Kolbinysev, Kazachstan, 2005
Sympetrum meridionale, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Termietenheuvel, Senegal, 1981
Tettigonia viridissima, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Textor wever, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Threskiornis aethiopicus of heilige ibis, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Twee kevertjes, Kazachstan, 2005
Vanessa cardui Painted Lady, Kyrgyzstan, 2016
Vleirat, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Vlinder op Phygelius capensis, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Vlinders die bepaalde stoffen uit het natte zand halen, Californië, 1996
Volwassen Yak koe, China, 2007
Wandeling naar Cold Pass, Markakol, Kazachstan, 2005
Wandeling naar Cold Pass, Markakol, Kazachstan, 2005
Weversnesten, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Wilde ezels, China, 2004
Yak, China, 2007
Yak met kalf, China, 2004
Zebra, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Zebra en ezels, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Zebras, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Zeer grote rups (8 cm), Botanische tuin Utrecht, 2016
Zwarte ibis, Senegal, 1981
Zwartkopreiger, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010
Zwartrode tor, Senegal, 1981
Zwartrug jakhals waarschijnlijk hondsdol, Drakensbergen en Lesotho, 2010

Planten, getekend of geschilderd

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Alcea rosea
Amaryllis bresiliensis
Ansellia africana
Cattleya 'Fabia' [Cattleya x lansbergei]
Cattleya guttata var. leopoldii
Cattleya nobilor
Colax puydtii
Colchicum autumnale
Cornelis_Van_Spaendonck__Koolroos
Daphne cneorum en Physostegia virginiana
Delphinium elatum en Dianthus barbatus
Dendrobium nobile
Digitalis purpurea
Disocactus ackermannii
Dodecatheon meadia en Dictamnus albus
Echinacea purpurea
Echinops sphaerocephalus en Eryngium alpinum
Embothrium coccineum
Ephedra distachya
Epipactis helleborine
Erica abietina subsp. aurantiaca en Epilobium angustifolium
Fritillaria imperialis en Corydalis cava subsp. cava
Gentiana acaulis en Kennedia rubicunda
Gerard_van_Spaendonck__Bloemen_in_een_albasten_vaas_en_vruchten_op_marmeren_blad
Helianthus multiflorus en Hedysarum hedysaroides
Helleborus viridis en Hypericum hircinum
Hemerocallis fulva en Hibiscus syriacus
Hippeastrum x johnsonii
Hydrangea macrophylla
Ipomoea perringii
Iris domestica en Iberis gibraltarica
Iris germanica, Iris versicolor en Iris variegata
Kalmia polifolia en Linum arboreum
Laelia dayana
Laelia grandis var. tenebrosa
Lavatera trimestris en Lathyrus sativus
Lobelia cardinalis en Lilium candidum
Lychnis chalcedonica, Leucojum vernum en Lysimachia nummularia
Magnolia grandiflora
Magnolia officinalis
Mirabilis jalapa, Mimosa sensitiva en Monarda didyma
Nelumbo nucifera en Nolana paradoxa
Nigella damascena en Narcissus jonquilla
Nymphaea stellata
Oenothera fruticosa en Origanum dictamnus
Papaver rhoeas
Paphiopedium curtisii
Phaelaenopsis schilleriana
Pitcairnia nubigena
Pulmonaria officinalis
Romneya trichocalyx
Rosa damascena 'Variegata'
Rosa indica
Rosa multiflora 'Carnea'
Rosa tomentosa
Rubus idaeus
Taraxacum officinale
Vanda sanderiana
Zaluzianskya dentata
Zingiber officinale
Zygopabstia woodlandsense